When operating handheld, is the operator usually expected to hold the camera the entire time while the scene is being lit or just during the final rehearsal and takes?
I usually just set the camera down unless the director wants to see the frame or check lighting. However, it does take a few seconds for me to get the camera back up on my shoulder, which I would imagine would be unacceptable on more professional sets.
How have people here seen it done? Does the operator hold the camera the whole time? Do they have a PA hold it? Do they put it on a tripod or stand with the approximate frame?