I'm looking out for movies from the 1920's to 1980's, that you think, a filmmaking person should've seen in his life.
You know, the masterpieces of cinematography as well as little treasures only few know about.
I'm thankful for every input!
"Alice in den Städten"(1974)
"Die verlorene Ehre der Katharina Blum oder: Wie Gewalt entstehen und wohin sie führen kann"(1975)
"Das zweite Erwachen der Christa Klages"(1975)
While most people will point to Werner Fassbinder and his 15 years of producing films... I tend to select non-Fassbinder examples of the 60's/70's when German Film was in recovery.
On the other hand if I were to return to school to get a PhD in Film history, I'd write my thesis that the US Hollywood films of the 30s and 40s were predominantly German Film translated... While there was a surge of german expatriates in Hollywood in the 30's, the significant collaboration between Hollywood and German Film had existed in the silent period of the 20s, when talent both in front of the camera and behind, were exchanged between the two film communities.
With that in mind, I'd recommend:
"Die Büchse der Pandora"(1927)
"Der Blaue Engel"(1930)
In the case of "Büchse" and "Blauer Engel" I'd recommend going to Frank Wedekind's original "Lulu" series plays and reading through them. I'd also recommend reading "Professor Unrat" by Heinrich Mann (Thomas' other brother...) as well...
I don't know that Thea von Harbou's 'novelization' of "Metropolis" adds anything...
Carbon Copy and Back to the Future if you're in to the marketable screenwriting element of it all. As far as visual technique, maybe Taxi Driver? Everyone's pretty much already said the common titles thrown around in film school.
Sonst: La cabina, Spanien, 1972; La règle du jeu, 1939; Les enfants du paradis, 1945; Die Liebe einer Blondine von Miloš Forman; Dschamila von Irina Poplavskaya; Wolken ziehen vorüber von Aki Kaurismäki
As for Westerns, anything by Sergio Leone or starring Clint Eastwood is a good start, but to me, the epitome of the western is the late 60s and early 70s episodes of "Gunsmoke". Many have huge impact and really illustrate the nature of evil. Sadly, I don't believe any of the color episodes are out on DVD at the present time. JKH.